Located in the heart of Mexico, the Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve is a natural protected area that covers a third of Querétaro state. Its inhabitants include various species which are in danger of extinction, such as the jaguar, green macaws, and Humboldt butterflies. It is the seventh largest Reserve in Mexico and the most diverse in terms of ecosystems.
The Sierra Gorda Reserve fuses its cultural richness with the flora and fauna of its climates. Due to the 18 th century Franciscan missions which are a designated UNESCO World Heritage Site, boasts natural wealth, the Sierra Gorda is considered the most ecosystem-diverse Biosphere Reserve in Mexico.
Thanks to our initiatives and innovations in GESGIAP, in 1997 the Sierra Gorda was recognized as a protected natural area by the Environmental and Natural Resource Ministry (SEMARNAT). Since then, the region has transformed into a role model of sustainable development for Mexico and the world.
Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve
Member of UNESCO’s Man and Biosphere program. (MaB)
Surface Area of the Biosphere Reserve
383,567 hectares, 32.02% of the territory of the State of Querétaro
70% private property, 27% communal or common land
95,000 inhabitants in 638 communities, 5 municipalities
Sierra Gorda is a green jewel in the heart of Mexico whose cultural and biological diversity are managed by local citizens with support of the public and private sectors.
300-3160 meters above sea level
350-2000mm per year
The most diverse ecosystem protected area in the country, with the largest social participation in actions for conservation.
2308 species of vascular plants
224 species of fungi in the State of Querétaro, 127 in the SGBR
800 species of Lepidoptera (butterflies)
Herpetofauna (reptiles and amphibians)
97 species of reptiles, 34 of which are in a state of protection
339 species of avifauna (birds)