Located in the heart of Mexico, the Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve is a natural protected area that covers a third of Querétaro state. Its inhabitants include various species which are in danger of extinction, such as the jaguar and the military macaw. It is the seventh largest Reserve in Mexico and the most diverse in terms of ecosystems.
Thanks to our initiatives and innovations in GESGIAP, in 1997 the Sierra Gorda was recognized as a protected natural area by the Environmental and Natural Resource Ministry (SEMARNAT). Since then, the region has transformed into a role model of sustainable development for Mexico and the world.
Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve is Member of UNESCO’s Man and Biosphere program (MaB)
Surface Area of the Biosphere Reserve: 383,567 hectares, 32.02% of the territory of the State of Querétaro. 70% is private property, 27% is communal or common land and 3% is federal. 100,000 inhabitants in 638 communities in 5 municipalities.
Elevation Range: 200-3160 meters above sea level
Precipitation Range: 350-2000 mm per year.
Sierra Gorda is the most diverse ecosystem protected area in the country, with the largest social participation in actions for conservation.
- Tropical Evergreen Forest
- Tropical Sub-Deciduous forest
- Tropical Deciduous forest
- Xerophyllous Shrub
- Oak Forest
- Conifer Forest
- Pine-Oak Forest
- Cloud Forest
- Riparian Forest
- Aquatic Vegetation
- 127 species of fungi
- 42.5% are edible species
- 41.7% are mycorrhizal species
- 5 species are under protection